Language, Literacy and Numeracy training

Language, literacy and numeracy (LLN) skills are important in enhancing the employability of young people as LLN skills are often used in a variety of ways in the workplace. However, industry and employer satisfaction with school leavers’ skills have declined over recent years and concerns regarding the job readiness of school leavers persist. There is an increasing demand for information processing skills and other high-level cognitive and interpersonal skills to support more complex and non-routine work.

LLN skills is vital in ensuring the employability of automotive apprentices. Apprentices need LLN skills in order to cope with trade training and requirements of industry in trade positions. Without the necessary LLN skills, trade-qualified workers will leave the trade as they are unable to cope with the LLN requirements of the job.
Further, some employers remain disengaged from the VET system due to inadequate standards of LLN skills among apprentices. Although the automotive training packages have recently been modified to include foundation skills to deal with LLN issues confronting new entrants to the trade, the traditional delivery of foundation skills is not equipped to deal with the issues. The deficiency of LLN skills among graduates is not a problem caused by the VET sector, but rather is a problem of the Australian school system.


  • There should be a national LLN curriculum from primary level to the end of high school. With regard for those entering VET without sufficient LLN skills, remedial solutions should be provided despite the age of the school leaver. In addition, greater support is required to enhance teaching skills in LLN in schools.

18 June 2015